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What your cervical mucus says about your ovulation

The appearance of your cervical mucus can reveal a lot about your cycle. But what is cervical mucus and why does it change before and after ovulation?

Almost every woman has noticed it at some point during her fertile period: the whitish, slippery, sometimes watery secretion that ends up in her panties or on the toilet paper. Some misinterpret this "discharge" as a sign of an infection. Most of the time, however, it is a completely normal sign of fertility: Cervical mucus!

Most women pay no further attention to cervical mucus. However, it can - especially with Get pregnant - can reveal a lot about your cycle and provide clues about when you are about to ovulate. Shall we take a look?



What is cervical mucus anyway?

Zervixschleim wird von Drüsen im Gebärmutterhals (Zervix) produziert. Er variiert in Konsistenz und Aussehen während der verschiedenen Phasen deines Zyklus und erfüllt so mehrere essentielle Aufgaben. In der unfruchtbaren Zeit vor dem Eisprung verschließt er deinen Muttermund mit einem „Pfropf“, um das Aufsteigen von Bakterien und das Eindringen von Spermien zu verhindern. Vor dem Eisprung macht er aber das genaue Gegenteil. Dann leitet er die Spermien und sorgt dafür, dass sie besser und schneller in die Gebärmutter und zur Eizelle gelangen.

This is because the environment inside the vagina is rather acidic, which is normally not so favourable for sperm cells. Cervical mucus, on the other hand, is alkaline and protects the sperm so that they remain motile for longer.

Je näher also dein Eisprung rückt, desto mehr verändert sich er – teilweise sogar ziemlich auffällig. Das liegt am erhöhten Östrogenspiegel in deinem Blut. Wenn du diese Veränderungen beobachtest und track your cycleyou can use it to draw conclusions about your ovulation. Incidentally, this method also has its own name: It is called Billings method and is well suited as a complementary method for couples who wish to have children in order to to narrow down your fertile days.

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What does cervical mucus look like before ovulation?

Shortly after menstruation, you will usually not find any cervical mucus or only very little. It is often yellowish, thick and sticky like flour mixed with water. As you approach your highly fertile days, the cervical mucus gradually becomes more fluid and transparent. At this stage, it sometimes resembles raw egg white. The amount of cervical mucus also increases significantly before ovulation.

The cervical mucus reaches its best quality before and during ovulation. In some women it is then glassy and "stringy", while in others it is liquid and watery and really "runs away". Sometimes at this stage you may even discover a small amount of fresh blood from a so-called "ovulation bleed". This is a sure sign that the ideal time has come to get pregnant!

The cervical mucus after ovulation or after the mucus peak then quickly loses its quality again and becomes thick and yellowish-white. However, the mucus pattern is different for every woman and depends on age, hormone status and lifestyle. However, you can easily determine your own individual pattern with a little practice.

How can I determine my cervical mucus?

It is best to always look at your cervical mucus at around the same time before ovulation so that you can make better comparisons. For example, when you go to the toilet in the morning or in the evening before you go to bed. You have three options for determining your cervical mucus: Either after wiping on toilet paper, with your finger at the entrance to the vagina or by taking the mucus directly at the cervix. The latter requires a little more practice and is not anatomically feasible for every woman. However, it's also perfectly fine if you just look at the secretions on the toilet paper. This is also a good way of recognising the differences in quality - and in particular the highly fertile cervical mucus.

Best to determine The cervical mucus can be recognised if you take a little of it between your thumb and index finger and try to pull it apart. If it is white and creamy on your fingers, ovulation is probably even further away. If the cervical mucus can be "stretched" between your fingers like a thread, this indicates that ovulation is approaching.

Can the quality of cervical mucus be influenced?

Basically, the nature of your cervical mucus is genetically predetermined. However, there are a few factors that can influence and even improve your cervical mucus. This is particularly beneficial, if you want a baby, and makes it easier for you to determine the cervical mucus before ovulation.

Especially in the first half of your cycle, you should always make sure you drink plenty of fluids. There are even special herbal teas that can naturally improve the quality of your cervical mucus! In addition healthy and balanced diet natürlich die ganze Zeit und vor allem bei Kinderwunsch wichtig.

Meiden solltest du alle Lebensmittel, die dem Körper Wasser entziehen, wie zum Beispiel übermäßig viel Kaffee oder Alkohol. Auch gewisse Medikamente (wie Antihistaminika) stehen im Verdacht, die Qualität des Zervixschleims negativ zu beeinflussen. Da es aber natürlich nicht immer möglich ist, auf gewisse Medikamente zu verzichten, musst du in diesem Fall individuell darauf schauen, ob und wie sich dein Zervixschleim vor dem Eisprung verändert.

Attention: If your cervical mucus suddenly smells unpleasant or its consistency differs greatly from normal, this may indicate an infection. In this case, you should consult your gynaecologist for clarification.

Document your cervical mucus!

Of course, we know that not every woman necessarily wants to deal with the cervical mucus before ovulation. Especially for those women who want to find out a lot about their fertility status without too much effort, we have therefore developed the femSense® Patches und App entwickelt.

Die Veränderung des Zervixschleims ist im natürlichen Zyklus aber ein völlig normaler Vorgang, der dir zusätzliche Hinweise auf deine Fruchtbarkeit und den idealen Zeitpunkt zum Schwanger werden geben kann. Darum geben wir dir in der femSense® App nun auch die Möglichkeit, dein individuelles Schleimmuster zu dokumentieren. Du kannst deinen Zervixschleim in insgesamt 4 Kategorien einteilen – von „trocken“ bis „wässrig“. In Kombination mit der Temperaturmessung unserer Patches und deinen eigenen Beobachtungen erfährst du so nach und nach mehr über deinen Zyklus und erlebst vielleicht auch das eine oder andere Aha-Erlebnis!

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So - download the app now for iOS or Android down and get to know your body even better.

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Cervical mucus (2023)

Rudolf-Müller (2023), Billings method: this is how it works!

Lutter (2023). Cervical mucus: What it reveals about fertile days

Header image by Dainis Graveris via SexualAlpha


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